PRESIDENT’S OFFICE
REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT
MWANZA REGIONAL
FORM SIX JOINT EXAMINATION 2020
CODE NO. 131/2 PHYSICS 2
TIME 3:0 HOURS
INSTRUCTIONS:
 This paper consist of ONLY ONE section with a total of SIX (06) questions.
 Answer five (5) questions.
 Each question carries twenty (20) marks.
 Mathematical table non programmable calculators may be used.
 Cellular phone are not allowed in the examination room.
 Write your examination number on e every page of your answer booklet(s).

The following information’s may be useful.
 Acceleration due to gravity g = 9.8ms^{2}.
 Pie π = 3.14.
 Density steel = 7800kg/m^{3}
 Speed of light , c= 3x 10^{8}m/s

1 = 9×10^{9}NM^{2}C^{2}
4π_{Ɛ0}
 Change of electron = 1.6×10^{19}C
 Permeability of free space µ_{o} =4π 10^{7}HM^{1}
 Permittivity of free space 8.85 x 10^{12}FM^{1}
 Young’s modules of stree wire 210 x 10^{9}NM^{2}
 Young’s modulus of copper wire 117 x 10^{9}NM^{2.}
 Avogadro’s Number = 6.02 x 10 2^{3}
 plank’s constant h=6.63 x 10^{34} Js
 1 ev = 1.6×10^{19}J
 Density of mercury = 13600kg/m^{3}
 Density of water = 1000kgm^{3}.
 IU = 93/Mev
 Mass of x – particle 4.0026U
 Mass of radium 222.0163U
 Standard Pressure = 1 atm = 760 mmHg = 1.013 x 10^{5}Nm^{2}
 Molar mass of oxygen. M = 32gmol^{1}

Molar gas constant, R = 8.3Jmo^{1}K^{–}
 Acceleration due to gravity g = 9.8ms^{2}.

(a) (i) State Bernoulli’s Principle of flow in terms of energy (01 marks)
(ii) From Newton’s second law motion, derive Bernoulli’s equation for the fluid flowing steadily in the horizontal pipe (04 marks)
(b) (i) Children are told to avoid starting too close to rapidly moving train because they
might get sucked under it. Is this possible? Explain. (2 ½ marks)
(ii) A simple garden syringe used to produce jet of water consists of a piston of area 4cm^{2 }which moves in horizontal cylinder which has a small hole a area 4mm^{2} at its end. If the force on the piston is 50N. Calculate the volume for the speed at is neglible (4 marks)
(c) (i) Define ” terminal velocity ” in term of fluid mechanics (01 marks)
(ii) According to Bernoulli’s theorem, the pressure of water should remain uniform in
In a pipe of uniform cross section. But actually it goes on decreasing. Is so why?. (2.5marks)
(iii) Two tubes AB and BC of the same length and having radii 2mm and 1mm
Respectively are joined end to end at B. A liquid flows through them and the
Difference in pressure between A and C is 340 mmHg. What is the difference in
pressure between B and C?. (05 marks)

(a) (i) Briefly explain three the types of damped oscillations (03 marks)
(ii) Outline any three differences between progressive waves and stationary wave
(03 marks)
(iii) A progressive wave equation is given by:
y = A sin (wt + kx) what do the following terms represent wt, kx(wt+kx)
and Sin (wt +kx) (02 marks)
(b) (i) Explain the colours seen in soap (02 marks)
(ii) When newton’s rings are observed with air between the spherical surface of lens and a
Plane glass sheet, the diameter of the length dark fringe is 12mm. when a Liquid is introduced between the spherical surface and the plane surface, the diameter of the tenth dark ring becomes 10.2mm. What is the refractive index of the liquid? (04 marks)
(c) (i) What is Doppler effects? Mention any two uses of Doppler effect (2 marks)
(ii) The Doppler effect using sound waves of frequency 2.25 x10^{6} Hz is used to monitor the heat best of a fetus. A maximum beat frequency of 600Hz
is observed. Assuming that the speed of sound in tissue is 1.54 x 10^{3}m/s .calculate the maximum velocity of the surface of beating heart (04 marks)

(a) Define the following terms
 Tensile stress
 Tensile strain
(03 marks)
(b) A copper wire 2.0m long and 1.22 x 10^{3}m diameter is fixed horizontally to two rigid supports 2.0m part. Find the mass in km of the Load, which when suspended at the midpoint of the wire produces sag of 2.0 x 10^{2} m at the point. (06marks)
(c ) (i) Explain the fact that the legs of a mouse are thinner than those of an elephant yet
the weight of each animal is a well supported by legs of animals. (02 marks)
(ii) A lord of 500kg is having from steel wire. If its length is 3cm and cross section area 2x 10^{1}cm^{2} was found to stretch the wire by 4 x 10^{1}cm above its normal length, what are the stress and young’s modules of the wire? (06marks)
 Tensile stress
(d) With the help of diagrams give the meaning of shear strain and shear stress.
(03 marks)
 (a) (i) Define electric field intensity, E. (01 mark)
(ii) Give two possible units in which E can be measured. (01 mark)
(iii) Show that the two units in 6. (a)(ii) are equivalent. (03 marks)
(b) (i) A charged rod attracts bits of dry cork dusts which, after touching the rod, often
jump violently away from it. Explain. (03 marks)
(ii) Two identically charged spheres attract each other with a force of 0.108N when
placed with theirs centers 0.5m apart. The spheres are brought into contact for
some time and then returned to their initial position. It is found that they norepel
each other with a force of 0.036N. Calculate the initial charges on each sphere.
(06 marks)
(c) In a small Van de Graff machine the metal sphere reaches a potential of 2.4×10^{5}V
before it discharges by sparking across an air gap.
(i) If the sphere is of radius 0.15 m, calculate the charge on the sphere just before
discharge. (03 marks)
(ii) What is the electric field at the surface of the sphere just before the discharge takes place? (03 marks)

(a) (i) Define intensity of magnetization and magnetic susceptibility. (03 marks)
(ii) With the aid of the diagram explain what is meant by the term hysteresis.
(04 marks)
(iii) Differentiate between magnetically soft and magnetically hard materials.
(04 marks)
(b) An iron ring of mean diameter 10 cm is uniformly wound with 2000 turns of a wire.
When a current of 0.25 A is passed through the coil, a flux density 0.4 T is set up in the
iron. Find;
(i) The magnetic force. (03 marks)
(ii) The relative permeability of the iron under these conditions. (02 marks)
(c) A car aerial is 1.5 m long. Calculate the e.m.f across it when the car is travelling at 30m/s
in an eastwest direction. The horizontal component of the Earth’s field if 18µT. Assume
that the aerial is vertical. (04 marks)

(a) (i) Write down Einstain’s photoelectric equation and explain the symbols used
(02 marks)
(ii) The frequency of incident radiation on a metal surface is 5 x 10^{14 }Hz and electrons with maximum energy of 2.3 10^{19}J are emitted. What wavelength of incident radiation is required to liberate electrons with maximum energy of 5.6 x 10^{19}J? (07 marks)
(b) Some energy levels or a mercury atom are shown below
Level__________________________________ 0Energy in Ev
4__________________________________ 1.6
3__________________________________ 3.7
1__________________________________ 5.5
1__________________________________10.4
Calculate:
 The ionization energy of a mercury atom in Joules (02 marks)

The wavelength of radiation emitted when an electron moves from level 4 to level 2
(03 marks)
(c) Explain what is meant by the wave – Particle duality. Howa are the two aspects related
(02 marks)
(d) Calculate the Broglie wavelength of
 An electron with K. E of 54eV (02 marks)
 A 4g golf ball travelling with a speed of 2m/s (02marks)