msomi maktaba
English Study Notes Form 1 English Study Notes Msomi Maktaba All Notes

LITERATURE FORM 1 – EXPRESSING PERSONAL AND GROUP ROUTINE / HABITS

Every person or group of people who stay together (school) has daily routine or activity. This can be expressed by different works, everyday, often, usually, daily, every month.

   Usually action is expressed in present simple tense or habitual aspect. The social area/ focus is on the following.

  
 

BREAK TIME 

At 10:00 A.M break starts. We go out for a break of 30 minutes. During break time, I drink tea with some snacks. At 10:30 A.m. I go back to class. Classes end at 2:00 p.m.

After classes I go home at 2:45 P.M. I eat lunch.

 
 

Exercise 

As a student’s what is your Daily Routine?

Vocabulary 

Take a shower      Р       wash the whole body

Attendance           Р       counting people

Supper                 Р       food eaten at the right (a right meal)

 
 

Structure  

Prepositions 

“ON”¬†‚Äď is used with days and dates

Examples 

  • I go to church on¬†Sundays.

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  • I go to the Mosque on¬†Friday
  • I was born on¬†03rd¬†May 1978

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“AT”¬†‚Äď is used with exact time Examples:¬†

  • He come at¬†six o’clock
  • We traveled at¬†night
  • The lesson starts at¬†8:00 am.

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“IN”¬†‚Äď is used with parts of the day, months and years

Examples:  

  • He came in¬†the evening
  • School will be closed in¬†December
  • He was born in¬†2009

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Asking questions. 

We can also ask questions using does, do 

Note: Does¬†‚Äď is for singular nouns and pronouns

Do¬†‚Äď is for plural nouns and pronouns.

 
 

Examples:  

  1. Does she speak English?
  2. Does he come to school late?
  3. Does she smoke?
  4. Do they speak English?
  5. Do they come to school late?
  6. Do we have to write our names?

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Exercise 

Make question using does and do

  1. Does …………………………..?
  2. Does …………………………..?
  3. Do ….…………………………..?
  4. Do ….…………………………..?

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EXPRESSING ON GOING ACTIVITIES

This activity can be done by individual or somebody else. They refer to what is going on at a time of observation guessing, talking and so on. This is PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE or PROGRESSIVE ASPECT

Р     The verbs end with …ing 

  1. Martha and Consolata are sweeping the floor
  2. It is looking at you
  3. They are eating rice
  4. You are playing nicely

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Р     When you go to school in the morning there are a lot of activities going on, you will see

  1. Some students sweeping the compound
  2. Some students watering the flowers
  3. Some students parading
  4. Some teachers shouting to the students
  5. Parents paying fees.

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Extra verbs 

Flowering, watering, chasing, snoring, reading, shouting, waiting, glorying, drinking, ringing, banking, blowing, cutting, shrinking .

 
 

Note: present continuous tense  

              He

              She     is

               It

 
 

¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†I ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†am ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†+ verb ……………ing ¬†

              They  

               We        are

               You

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

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EXPRESSING LIKES AND DISLIKE

The word like (v) means to be sound as or pleased with from the verb we get the word like (vi) and dislike (Ti) opposite or antonym. Grammatically likes/ dislike are not nouns but only used in everyday talks (spoken English) whether like or dislike the force behind them are human feeling, taste experience traditions.

  • Usually like and dislike are expressed in non-verbal forms of communication such as gesturers, social expressions movement nodding.
  • Non- verbal ‚Äď communication is also called body language

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Examples:

Question     :         what game do you like most?

Answer        :         I like football and boxing

Question     :         what music do you like most?

Answer        :         I like bongo flava

Question     :         what drink do you like most?

Answer        :         I like orange Juice only

 
 

PREFERENCE 

The most suitable is ……..to…………

Therefore

 
 

Example:¬† ¬† I prefer——— to———-

  1. I prefer tea to coffee
  2. I prefer English to Kiswahili
  3. I prefer reading to writing

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Exercise 

Make ten (10) sentences using the following words below

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TALKING ABOUT ONE√Ę‚ā¨‚ĄĘS FAMILY

Р     Expressing family relations:

A family is smallest social unit. The family consists of father, mother, children and relatives. This kind of a family is called Extended family

 
 

Vocabulary 

  1. Uncle                    Р       The brother of your father or mother
  2. Cousin                  Р       The child of your uncle or aunt.
  3. Nephew                 Р       The son of you r brother or sister
  4. Niece                     Р       The daughter of your brother or sister  
  5. Sister ‚Äď in ‚Äď law ¬† ¬†– ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†The sister of your wife or husband
  6. Father in- law       Р       the father of your wife or husband
  7. Grandfather          Р       The father of your father or mother
  8. Brother in- law     Р       The brother of your wife of husband
  9. Grandmother        Р       The mother of your father or mother
  10. Aunt                    Р       The sister of your father or mother

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A family tree

Mabula married Kalunde.They have two children ,Robert and Rose. Robert got married to Rehema and they have two children Tyson and Diana Rose at mrried to Juma and they have two children;Bush and Sijapata  Study the following diagram:

 
 

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Expressing occupations of family members 

Members of a family usually has daily activity for production or social services

Vocabulary;  Venders, Tailors, Sailors, Plumber, Nurse,Teacher.  

Exercise: 

Fill in the following table with the right information. The first one has been done for you.

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OWNERSHIP OR POSSESSION 

Possession refers to one having his/her property such as school, pen, houses, car, home, and farm Р     Most occurring words

  1. Possessive pronouns: e.g. my, her, his, our, their
  2. Other terms: posses, belong, own, property of….

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Examples 

  • My father owns a boat
  • My sister own a big house
  • I have a hen
  • We possess a big library
  • That bus belongs to my father

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DESCRIBING PHYSICAL APPEARANCE 

People differ in physical appearance in terms of height, size, colour,[complexion] morphology, hair, eyes, ears, nose, teeth, fingers, legs, toes, chest head.

Study the following text 

Mr. Kibakaya is a light coloured skinned man in our street. He is baldheaded and his remaining hairs gray. Older people say that he has a fair complexion. His daughter is skinning, tall but tenders. She is beautiful and attracts attention whenever she passes. Her twisting eyes confuse young man. She puts on her-heals on every weekend. Her young brother is shot and fat, he looks handsome and magnetic to girls his chest is wide as well as frightening nose

 
 

DESCRIBING CHARACTER 

Every person has a particular behavior that display his/her character: Example:  cruel, greedily, rude, rough, carelessness, generous, gentle, sincere, open, lian

 
 

Examples:  

  1. He is a rude boy at our school
  2. She is careless that her uniform is full of sports
  3. A sincere student is liked by teacher
  4. You’re a liar ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†

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     Character changes because of age education and people around, character reflects moral and cultural value. People from broken families usually show bad character. Character can also be understood through a language that a person uses.

 
 

Structure  

Asking questions

We can also ask questions using the words in the box

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  1. Who is shouting?
  2. What are you doing?
  3. Which boo is yours?
  4. Whose pen is this?
  5. When do we go home?

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EXPRESSING OPINIONS AND FEELINGS

 
 

What is your opinion? 

Do you like city life or rural life?

There are some people who want to go to live in towns. They think that life is cheap and simple there. They think they can buy cars, houses, good clothes etc.          

    Giving opinions can be easily expressed during debates

Example: Motions

  1. Boarding schools provide better education than day school
  2. Co- education school are better than single sex school
  3. Special ability schools are not special in rolling students  
  4. Students failure in examination is due to poor teaching.

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 Look at the following ways in which we can express opinions in English  www.edu.co.tz/library

  1. Asking for opinion

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  1. expressing an opinion 

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In my opinion,school rules are a waste of time

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

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  1. supporting opinion 

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  1. opposing an opinion  

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  1. Expression doubt  

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Participants 

  Chief proposer and opposes, audience, guest, speaker, secretary  

Vocabulary :

Suggest, view, evaluate, propose, against, think, argue, advise, disagree, equally, feeling can be expressed.

 
 

Example

I feel hungry

You are happy 

 
 

Expressing state of health  

 
 

 
 

Examples 

Are you sick ? 

What are you suffering from? 

Yesterday  I had a headache  

 
 

 
 

Exercise  

Write conversations between a doctor and patient  

  
 

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TALKING ABOUT PAST EVENTS/ ACTIVITIES

This give a particular form of verb endings it is sometimes called PAST TENSE

 Note: common adverb Last week, yesterday etc.

Example:  

My brother got married last Friday

Last week they closed the school

 
 

Expressing past activities 

Tense is expressed by verbs. These verbs in the past tense be have with regular ending with-ed,ed, and others behave with irregular ending. Example see-saw, get-got, cut-cut.

 
 

Adverbs that show past tense 

  1. Yesterday    Р       I saw him yesterday
  2. Last             Р       we were at club last Friday
  3. Ago             Р       they met two years ago
  4. Previous      Р       she experienced this problem from the previous.

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Р     Such characteristics of irregular verb also apply to helping or modal verbs

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Note: the past tense of the above modal helping verbs are common in conditional clauses that is if……… then…………..

 
 

Structure 

Past perfect tense

Format

Subject + had + verb in participle

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Examples:   

I had seen several football games

I had done the job

 
 

Structure 

Adjective: is a word that is used to describe a noun or a pronoun

General classification of Adjectives

  1. Adjectives of colour

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e.g. black, yellow, green, purple, orange, red

  1. Adjectives of size and shape

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e.g. small, giant, round, etc

  1. Adjectives of quantity

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e.g. many, few, little, much

  1. Adjectives of age

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e.g. old, new, middle, young.

  1. Proper adjectives or adjectives of origin

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e.g. African, Kenyan, French (vi)  Adjective of use

e.g. useful, useless

 
 

ORDER OF ADJECTIVE 

Where there is more than one adjective before a noun in a sentence, the order of adjectives is as follows:

  1. 1st adjective           Р       Describes the number (Quantity)
  2. 2nd adjective          Р       Describes the general size and shape
  3. 3rd  adjective         Р       Describes age
  4. 4th  adjective         Р       Describes colour
  5. 5th  adjective         Р       Describes where it comes from (origin)
  6. 6th adjective          Р       Describes what is made up of
  7. 7th  adjective         Р       Noun

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Examples: 

  
 

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EXPRESSING FUTURE PLANS AND ACTIVITIES www.edu.co.tz/library

Future exists in different forms 

  1. Intention     Р       necessity     Р     shall  
  2. Probability  Р       possibility   Р       will

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 Common adverb 

Tomorrow, next

 How to form future? 

Subject + shall/will + be + main clause

 
 

 Examples: 

It will be there tomorrow

Subject + will + be + clause 

When we want to talk about things what we shall do tomorrow, next week, next month we use words like

  • Going to
  • Shall
  • Will

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Examples: 

Tomorrow I’m going to write my mother a letter.

She will tell you something good tomorrow

We shall visit you next month

Going to, will and shall show future tense.

Future continues activities

Subject + will or shall + (be) + verb ……..ing + clause

 
 

Examples 

You will be leaving the school at 4:30pm

We shall be singing in the church choir

 
 

Exercise 

Mention 4 things that you are going to do after you have finished form four

  1. ……………………..
  2. ……………………..
  3. ……………………..
  4. ……………………..
  5. ……………………..

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1. Mention three (3) things which will happen to someone who has HIV/ AIDS

  1. ……………………..
  2. ……………………..
  3. ……………………..¬†

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Note: 

will is used all persons in the singular and plural  for example  

i)   you will be wait  ii)  I will go to the market tomorrow  

 
 

Shall is sometimes use instead of will, It is used in statement in the fist personal singular or plural, It shows determination or promise about future activities for example 

i)    We shall play hard and we shall win the game: (determination) ii)   I shall write to you as soon as i arrive in Mpwapwa (promise) 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

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READING A VARIETY OF TEXTS (INTENSIVE READING)

A FOOLISH CUSTOMER 

One day Mr. Juha seat in a hotel drinking some coffee. A boy come to him that he was selling afternoon papers. “Which papers do you have? Juha asked. “I have the Daily news and The Guardian”, the boy said. “Well, give me both. How much do they cost?” Mr. Juha asked. “One thousand two hundred for both. The Guardian sells at seven hundred” the boy said, “Oh, that is very expensive; just give, The Daily News”

Mr. Juha gave the boy ton thousand shillings note. The boy said he had no change. “Let me go for the change sir”, the boy said “No! No! No!” you will run away with my money! Leave your papers here with me” Mr. Juha said. The boy left happily leaving Juha with the papers after two hours Mr. Juha counted the papers that the boy had left. They were only three! Juha laughed Kwe! Kwe! Kwe! Of course the boy never came back

 
 

Questions 

Write True (T) or false (F) to the following sentences

  1. Juha sat in a hotel reading the Daily news
  2. The Guardian costs five hundred shillings
  3. Juha change was 8,800/=
  4. Juha counted his change

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VOCABULARY 

Customer Р      someone who buys things from the seller, buyer, client

Expensive Р     an item whose price is very high

Cost          Р    The price of something

                     e.g. my shoes cost me five thousand shilling only

Change  Р       Money left buying something

 
 

EXERCISE  

Make two sentences using the words expensive and cost

  1. ……………………………………..
  2. ……………………………………..

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INTERPRETING LITERARY WORKS

Intensive reading: Involves comprehension and summary while reading a class reader (books) its chapters, the following activities should be done.

  1. Understanding the writing and pictures on the front cover, usually they summarize or give a piece of information of what is in the class reader (book)
  2. Title of the class reader (book)

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Р     A name or topic which is discussed in the chapters

  1. Author: A person writes a book must be memorized.
  2. Main or chief character(s) he/ she is the main actor
  3. Minor character persons or animals in the story
  4. Setting (venue ‚Äď A particular place in which the story take place Example, Dar es salaam, Nairobi, Kampala etc
  5. Difficult words should be selected and their meaning understood either by using a dictionary (decretive memory) or according how they are used in the book.
  6. To summarize each chapter in one or two sentences and finally the whole book into one to five sentences.
  7. The lesson one can learn from the book.
  8. The importance or significance or relevant of the book in society

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It is still useful or not

Intensive reading     therefore means reading deeply while extensive reading refers to reading widely (a lot of book)

 
 

Skimming¬†‚Äď Narrow information ¬†into one sentences or passage ¬†

Scanning    РReading intensively for specific information  

 
 

Definition of teams  

  1. Author             Р       A person who write a book or storing
  2. Plot                  Р       The main sequence of events in a play, novel
  3. Theme              Р       Subject of a taller, piece of writing
  4. Chapter            Р       main division of a book
  5. Character         Р       Particular nature of someone
  6. Setting             Р       way of place in which something is setting
  7. Summary         Р       A brief statement of the main point
  8. Comprehension-        The ability to understand
  9. Publisher         Р      A company or person that Publisher, book, News,

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Paper, Journal

 
 

CLASS READER I. Who is the author?

The author is Richard S. Mabala

 
 

II. List of what you see in front

  1. Hawa the bus driver
  2. The bus
  3. Ubungo plaza (the weather building)
  4. 114 (the number route of the car)
  5. UDA (the name of a car)
  6. Isuzu (the name of the company of the car)
  7. T 140 ADS (the plate number of the car)

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(h)Coconut tree

(i)   Route of the bus K/Koo

 
 

 
 

  1. Mention the name of the publish. The publisher is Ben and company Ltd.
  2. Who is the main character of the whole book why? Hawa is the main character of the book because she is the one who the whole story is taking about her being a bus driver.
  3. Names of the character
  4. Selemani
  5. Hawa
  6. Mzee Athumani
  7. Saada
  8. Hassani

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Hawa the bus driver 

CHAPTER I 

HAWA’S DESCRIPTION ¬†

  • Famous in Dar es salaam
  • Very strong woman, tall, tough
  • Weight 82kgs
  • Bus driver
  • The lioness

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SELEMANI  

  • Husband of Hawa
  • Worker at Urafiki Texttile Mill
  • A medicine operator
  • Tall, strong
  • Smilling, cool

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CHAPTER II, HAWA’S DAY¬†

  • Hawa lives in Manzese, suburb of Dar es Salaam.
  • Two children Hassan and Sauda
  • Primary school teacher George
  • A nurse Chausiku, best friend of Hawa

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CHAPTER III HAWA AND THE DRUNKED 

  • Hawa focus trouble from a drunkard
  • The conductor, Meshack co-operates with passengers to help Hawa comfort the drunkard – ¬† ¬† ¬†The drunkard is taken to police station.

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CHAPTER IV HAWA AND THE THIEVES 

  • During the night shift, A man with a pistol pointed at Hawa
  • Hawa hijacked ¬†and ordered to drive to Mbezi
  • Made attack with a passenger who was in a blue overall
  • Hawa stopped the bus abruptly
  • The thief was overcome by grabbing the pistol
  • The passengers helped
  • The thief was taken to the police station
  • Hawa becomes the Heroine with mind that arms are like baobab trees.

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CHAPTER V

Accidents are common in Dar es salaam due to drivers negligence, driving to fast disobey traffic lights, ignore other cars

      Changu ni changu  chota chako kwingine

 Bus coach hit a primary school boy

  • Hawa takes troubles to take him to hosp[ital
  • Passengers are angry ¬†as well as police officers her hart is as sweet as ripe mango

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CHAPTER VI SELEMAN IS JEALOUS 

  • Seleman is jealous ¬†because his wife is more famous

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Hawa the great 

  • Some of Selemani’s friends advised him that it is wrong for a wife to be famous and bad to drive a bus
  • Selemani orders his wife a stop driving and stay at home.
  • Unwilling ¬†Hawa decides to resign
  • Before submitting a resignation letter her fellow drivers advice her not to do so until they take with her husband
  • After a long discussion selemani changes his mind and allow Hawa to drive after seeking his opinion to.
  • Hawa and Seleman, continued to live happy together. ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†

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Lesson or significance or importance

Generally, Hawa the bus driver is still relevant in society.

  • Heroine drivers
  • Role of women to prepare breakfast/ meal for the family
  • Mockery against women who exceed in society above men has no place anymore.
  • Hijackers of business and planes
  • Accidents in urban areas/ cities and highways
  • Healous of husband who do not like to hear their wife.

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Structure Articles a, an, the, are called articles

A: uses ¬†of article “a and an” (Indefinite Articles)¬†

  1. “a”¬†is used for countable singular Nouns

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Example: a book, a boy

“an”¬†is also used for countable singular Nouns but those which start with a pronunciation of a vowel a, e, I, o, u etc.

Example: an elephant, an egg

But we can also say an honest man because although the word honest start with “h” yet “h” is not pronounced. In pronunciation the word starts with a vowel “O” ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† /Onist/

  1. a/an are used to refer to things which are not clear to us (indefinite)

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          Example

  • A national party (which one?)
  • A man is outside (who?)

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(i)           a/an are used to introduce something or a person for the first time.

Example:

I bought a radio.

The radio was stolen after two weeks

 
 

(ii)          an/a are used with illness

Example

I have a cold/ a headache

I have a stomachache

Note: we don’t use articles with plurals

Example: measles, mumps

We also don’t use articles with: blood pressure, flu, gout or hepatitis

You cannot say

I have a blood pressure but you can say

I have blood pressure

(iii) ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†an/a are used when describing someone‘s nationality.

Example: 

She is an American

He is an African She is a Tanzanian

Note:

Do not put a if the Noun is plural

Example: I saw a boys (No!)

But: I saw boys (Yes)

 
 

Exercise 

Put in the space below article a or an or put a dash (-) if no article is needed

  1. I can repair __________ car
  2. I can write__________ letters
  3. I can eat______________ onion
  4. Use_______ ruler to draw ___________lines
  5. I am ________Tanzania

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DEFINITE ARTICLE “The”¬†

Uses of “the”¬†is used with the following things:

  1. Organizations 

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E.g. the OAU, the UNO

  1. ships

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E.g. The M.V Express

 
 

  1. before certain expressions of time 

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e.g. ¬† ¬†‚Äď in the afternoon

          Рon the previous day

  1. On public bodies

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e.g. the police, the RTD

 
 

  1. HISTORICAL EVENTS: 

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e.g.    The Arusha declaration The majimaji war  (vi)Political parties

e.g.    The UMD party

          The NPP

         
 

  1. The press

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e.g. The Daily News

  1. River 

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E.g. The Ganges, The Nile

(ix)Before musical instruments e.g. He plays the guitar

 (x) Mountains e.g. The  Alps The Kilimanjaro (xi)Ocean

e.g. The Atlantic

 
 

  1. Things mentioned for the second time 

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e.g.     I bought a shirt and an umbrella,           The shirt is now old

  1. Used before the name of a country which consist of an Adjective!

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Example:

The United Kingdom

The Soviet Union

The United Arab

But not;

          The West German

          The Great Britain

          The New Zealand

  1. Things which are unique (the only one) e.g.    The stars,

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The moon,

The God,

The Angles,

The Kilimanjaro hotel,

The Hilton

  
 

(xv)Used before superlative e.g.    The biggest boy The most beautiful girl

 
 

(xvi) The only thing found in the house    e.g.    The wall

             The window

             The roof

             The kitchen              The floor

Note: Do not use articles

  1. In front of uncountable Nouns

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e.g. I like  butter

  1. With languages

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e.g.  English is a world language

  1. In front proper Nouns

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e.g.  Mwamsiku is our Headmaster

 
 

INTERPRETING POEMS 

POETRY 

Definition:   is an art which uses imaginative language in a pattern of lines and sounds to express deep thought, feeling or human experience.

     However there are different definitions of the term poetry depending on the author, we can generally define poetry as the art of composing or writing poems.

 Note: poems are meant for singing

 
 

 Structure of poetry 

  1. What is a poem?

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It is a piece of writing arranged in patterns of lines and sounds.

 
 

  1. What is poet?It is an artist of writer who composes poems

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  1. What is stanza?It is a group of lines divisions in a poem

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  1. What is a verse?

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It is a single line in a poem

 
 

  1. What is simile?

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It is a way of comparing things using words like……………as…………or like……………………….

 
 

  1. What is metaphor?

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It is a way of comparing things without words of comparison

 
 

  1. What is imaginary?

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It is an art of drawing word picture by comparing the reality of what is talked about to different but relevant aspect of reality.

 
 

  1. What is rhyme?  

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Words with some sound at the end of the verse e.g. fly, tie, pie.

 
 

  1. What is alliteration?

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Words with some sound  at the beginning of words in verse reinforce the meaning.

 
 

Example: pixpox , pax pox etc.

1. What is reiteration?

It is repetition of a word, a verse or even a stanza for a particular effect

e.g. You are dead and dead and dead indeed

 
 

POETRY ANALYSIS 

  1. Content ‚Äď What the poem is about or what to describes
  2. Themes/ Message ‚Äď Lessons we learn from the poem or novels message

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e.g. ignorance, exploitation, friendship

3.¬†Form ‚Äď how the poem is arranged (stanza and verses) 4.¬†Mood – ¬†attitude of the poet

e.g. happiness, anger, seriousness, etc.

5.¬†Symbolism ‚Äď using a person or object /animals as if they re people

 
 

Example: 

EAT MORE GRASS (JOE CORRIE) 

“Eat more grass” the slogan says more fish, more beef, more bread but I’m on unemploymentpay my third year now and weed.

 
 

Read the following poem very fast 

Katai is a Masai

Katai can tie and untie a tie If katai can tie and untie a tie

Why can’t I tie a tie?

Like katai, cantie

And untie a tie?

Questions

  1. Which tribe is katai?……………………..
  2. What can katai do?……………………….

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Structure 

BETWEEN/AMONG 

Between      Р       is used with two things

Among        Р       is used with more than two things

 
 

Examples: 

  • Kibile is standing between two girls
  • Riwa Kariwa is standing among four girls
  • The car is between two buses
  • Ruth is among ten girls who failed the exams.

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ANALYSING INFORMATION FROM THE MEDIA

Use of Factual information (F.I) and Non Factual information (N.F.I)

Example

  1. HIV/AIDS is mainly transmitted through sexual inter course F.I
  2. Violence against women increase their discipline (N.F.I)
  3. The sun doesn’t move (F.I)
  4. (2×3) ‚Äď 5 (4-1) = -9 (N.F.I)
  5. Nairobi is the capital city  of Kenya (F.I)

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A WORLD OF COMPUTERS 

Р     Do you know what a compute is?

Have you ever seen a computer

A computer is a machinery which uses electricity or batteries to do many things.

 
 

I. What can a computer do?

  • Can write letter
  • Can draw picture
  • Can show diseases
  • Can play games
  • Can do calculations
  • Can teach lessons
  • Can count money
  • A computer store many names.

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II. Where do we find computers?

We can find computers

  • At home
  • In office
  • At air port – ¬† ¬† ¬†In hospitals at school
  • In internet cafes.

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(Show the picture of the computer and its parts)

  • Parts of the computer

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A computer has five main parts

1. Central processing Unit (CPU)

  • This is the brain of a computer. The CPU think and keeps record

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  1. Display (Monitor)

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  • This is where you can see all the information it is like the screen of a T.V.

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  1. Key board

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  • This is where you type things. It is just ¬†like a typewriter

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  1. Mouse

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  • This point to the screen showing what you want to do

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  1. Printer

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  • This prints (writes) things like the words you are reading in this book

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Questions 

1. Mention three things   you think a computer cannot do

(i)   ……………………… (ii)  ………………………

(iii) ………………………

 
 

Question 

Complete the computer words in the table below

 
 

Complete the crossword puzzle below www.edu.co.tz/library

A cross 

  1. What are get a school
  2. The past tens of lose
  3. What do we do at the door when we ask to get in?
  4. a type of greetings
  5. The short form of United Nation Organization
  6. What does a watch tell?
  7. A type of colour
  8. One of the countries in Africa
  9. A country whose capital is Khartoum

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Down 

  1. The biggest animal in Tanzania
  2. The past tense of take
  3. What we put in vegetables
  4. What we put in the pen
  5. How we pronounce “sick”
  6. The past tense of sit
  7. A short form of mistress
  8. It gives us light and heat.

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WRITING PERSONAL LETTER

 Friendly letters 

 
 

Use to express your thought and feelings to get something done both the content and the form of a letter say something for you and about you.

     The content is what you write in a letter, form is how it look There are two main kinds of letter o   Personal /friendly letter and o   Business/ official letters

  
 

Personal /friendly letters must have the following. 

  1. The letter must have a date
  2. An address of whom you send the letter is unimportant.
  3. We start the letters with, Dear mother, Dear father, Dear friend, Hello Jack, Hi Marry ect 4. You can start the letter the way you feel No rules!
  4. You can put in the letter as many topics as you wish
  5. You can more from one topic to the other.
  6. You can make jokes, write funny things, ask questions, give short stories.
  7. The ending can be; bye bye, please write, take care, your love, lots of love, your friend

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 SAMPLE LETTER 

AZANIA SEC SCHOOL

P. O. BOX 9074

DAR ES SALAAM

12TH FEB,2015

Dear Queen,

          Many thanks for your letter. You certainly deserved, this result as I know you walked very hard.

          I have been waiting so eagerly for the results of the examinations I did too. I must admit that I have not done half the things I planned to do during this holiday.

          However, I have been doing a lot of revision. I have read two books of Geography and novels.

          I will certainly let you know my examination result as soon as possible

Your sincerely/love

 
 

 
 

EXERCISE 

Rearrange the Sentence and write the letter correctly

  1. But I’m now fit
  2. Will you go home during holidays
  3. Our school closest next month  
  4. Hallow Upendo  
  5. Your friend  
  6. I hope your enjoy lessons  (vii)  When are you closing school?
  7. Please write to me soon
  8. I had Maralia  
  9. How is school
  10. Jackline  

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LISTENING SKILLS AND NOTE TAKING 

TAKING NOTES

 

Hearing is the natural ability of receiving sound waves/message

This is normally involuntary e.g. Noise

Sometimes we hear even if we don’t want to since we care not deaf

Listening is conscious or international attempt to hoar to receive the message deliberately listening involves some skills which can be taught and learn e.g. to get knowledge to carry out Instructions or write notes

 
 

LISTENING STRATEGIES 

-It involves physical and mental alert/awareness 

This brings you mind back when your mind can never concentrate

Sit in a manner that you will see the speaker

-Have desire to listen 

This is a person paying attention on what the speaker is talking about tell the mind that    you want to concentrate

-Develop willingness 

Be ready to receive new information do not ask too much when you are listening

Give a speaker time to speak so as to avoid misinterpretation

-Postponed judgments 

Don’t judge a speaker based on the appearance, dress, language, reputation or speaking style concentrate on what he/she is talking

-Observe 

Careful look at the speaker to identity the corbels dues which will help you to identity important point emphasized force

Focus on speakers points view 

Understand and listen what speaker believes in e.g. Empathy sympathy or tolerant. Predict and ask questions keep you after all the time and ask questions and predict speaker’s next words In cooperation of some stories that are relevant.

 
 

LOOK AS IF YOUR ARE LISTENING 

Sit straight uncross your legs

  
 

AVOID BARRIERS/DESTRUCTION 

Don’t sit with a person who is talkative. Temperature should be hot or too cold. There should not be too much noise

NOTE TAKING 

A good listener is a good note taker.

STRATEGIES ON NOTES TAKING 

Be brief 

Speaker speaks many things at a time so one cannot be equivalent observe speakers facial and gestures expression, Write only enough to represent the idea,

Use abbreviation and symbols 

‚Č• Greater than

‚ȧ¬†Less than

 
 

No. Number

? Important point

+ Positive

  • Negative

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Use point form when writing points 

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Paying attention to signal words 

These are words which show various points they are useful squad you to take your notes properly.

  • They show contrast e.g. But, however otherwise, yet, despite, in spite, of, although, still, even though, never the less.
  • They show results hence, thus, therefore
  • To show additional ‚Äď Again, another, more even, furthermore, also, too
  • To summarize ‚Äď conclude, finally, in short, to sum up, to conclude in brief.
  • To give / show example – for example, for instance
  • To show condition ‚Äď if, unless, when
  • To show similar ‚Äď equally, as, like, seems, resemble
  • To show amount ‚Äď many, most, several and few
  • To show strength ‚Äď intensively, exactly, indeed, totally, extremely.
  • To show ¬† ‚Äď basically, without, doubt,
  • To show place – beside, near, adjacent, opposite, over, below, beyond, across.

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WRITING A VARIETY OF TEXTS

WRITING TEXTS 

AT THE BANK COUNTER 

DEPOSITION MONEY 

Now imaging that you are at the bank counter and you want to keep your money there. This is called depositing.

         In the bank you will be giving PAY-IN-SLIP you must fill in the form correctly.

         The following are instruction and information, which will help you to fill in the form.

 
 

Write your name

Your bank brunch is Ubungo. Your account number is 002233445566. Write the date of today write your address. You have the following money

  1. Five notes of ten thousand each
  2. Seven notes of five thousand
  3. Thirty notes of two thousand each

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At the bank

 
 

If you have a lot of money you must take it to the bank and keep it there.

 
 

Exercise:

 
 

What bad things may happen if you keep your money at home or in the dormitory?

 
 

         i.            The house may catch fire and the money will be burnt.

        ii.            

_______________________________________________                                                              

                                        iii.                                                                                                                  iv.                                                                                                           

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

At the bank counters Depositing money.

 Now imagine that you are at the bank counter and you want to keep your money there. This is called depositing.

 
 

In the bank you will give pay-in-slip. You must fill in the form correctly.

The following are instructions and information, which will help you to fill the form.

Write your name.

Your bank branch is Ubungo. Your account number is 002233445566. Write the date of today. Write your address. You have the following money.

    i.            Five notes of ten thousand each.     ii.           Seven notes of five thousand each.    iii.           Thirty notes of two thousand each.

  1. Twenty eight notes of one thousand each.
  2. Nine notes of five hundred each.
  3. Eighteen coins of twenty shilling each.   vii.            Nine coins of one shilling each

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 Now fill in the pay-in-slip below:  

Don’t forget to write the total amount you deposited in both numbers and words.¬†

 
 

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 Withdrawal

Sometimes you have to go to the bank and take some of the money you deposited. This is called withdrawal.

You don’t have to take the whole amount of money you deposited. So you have to fill in the withdrawal form(voucher).

 Now fill in the following form so as to withdraw 112,00/ 

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 Bank balance

It is very important to know how much money is left in your account in the bank. This is called bank balance.

 
 

Exercise 

  1. Now fill the following slip so that you can know your balance

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  1. I think you still remember how much you deposited and how much you withdrew. Now fill in the present balance.

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A Diary

A diary is a book of records showing things which you may do in the future.

It also show things that you did today, previous days, weeks or months ago. In the diary you should only write important things. We use diaries so that we may not forget important events.

 
 

Exercise 

 The following is a page of diary 

(i)fill in 5 important things you did yesterday in diary 1.

(ii) fill in important 5 things you will do tomorrow in diary 2.

(iii)prepare a month diary and fill in all the important things you will do in that month. Show it to your teacher .

 
 

Diary 1

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