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English Study Notes Form 1 English Study Notes Msomi Maktaba All Notes

LITERATURE FORM 1 – EXPRESSING LIKES AND DISLIKE

The word like (v) means to be sound as or pleased with from the verb we get the word like (vi) and dislike (Ti) opposite or antonym. Grammatically likes/ dislike are not nouns but only used in everyday talks (spoken English) whether like or dislike the force behind them are human feeling, taste experience traditions.

  • Usually like and dislike are expressed in non-verbal forms of communication such as gesturers, social expressions movement nodding.
  • Non- verbal ‚Äď communication is also called body language

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Examples:

Question     :         what game do you like most?

Answer        :         I like football and boxing

Question     :         what music do you like most?

Answer        :         I like bongo flava

Question     :         what drink do you like most?

Answer        :         I like orange Juice only

 
 

PREFERENCE 

The most suitable is ……..to…………

Therefore

 
 

Example:¬† ¬† I prefer——— to———-

  1. I prefer tea to coffee
  2. I prefer English to Kiswahili
  3. I prefer reading to writing

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Exercise 

Make ten (10) sentences using the following words below

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TALKING ABOUT ONE√Ę‚ā¨‚ĄĘS FAMILY

Р     Expressing family relations:

A family is smallest social unit. The family consists of father, mother, children and relatives. This kind of a family is called Extended family

 
 

Vocabulary 

  1. Uncle                    Р       The brother of your father or mother
  2. Cousin                  Р       The child of your uncle or aunt.
  3. Nephew                 Р       The son of you r brother or sister
  4. Niece                     Р       The daughter of your brother or sister  
  5. Sister ‚Äď in ‚Äď law ¬† ¬†– ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†The sister of your wife or husband
  6. Father in- law       Р       the father of your wife or husband
  7. Grandfather          Р       The father of your father or mother
  8. Brother in- law     Р       The brother of your wife of husband
  9. Grandmother        Р       The mother of your father or mother
  10. Aunt                    Р       The sister of your father or mother

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A family tree

Mabula married Kalunde.They have two children ,Robert and Rose. Robert got married to Rehema and they have two children Tyson and Diana Rose at mrried to Juma and they have two children;Bush and Sijapata  Study the following diagram:

 
 

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Expressing occupations of family members 

Members of a family usually has daily activity for production or social services

Vocabulary;  Venders, Tailors, Sailors, Plumber, Nurse,Teacher.  

Exercise: 

Fill in the following table with the right information. The first one has been done for you.

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OWNERSHIP OR POSSESSION 

Possession refers to one having his/her property such as school, pen, houses, car, home, and farm Р     Most occurring words

  1. Possessive pronouns: e.g. my, her, his, our, their
  2. Other terms: posses, belong, own, property of….

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Examples 

  • My father owns a boat
  • My sister own a big house
  • I have a hen
  • We possess a big library
  • That bus belongs to my father

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DESCRIBING PHYSICAL APPEARANCE 

People differ in physical appearance in terms of height, size, colour,[complexion] morphology, hair, eyes, ears, nose, teeth, fingers, legs, toes, chest head.

Study the following text 

Mr. Kibakaya is a light coloured skinned man in our street. He is baldheaded and his remaining hairs gray. Older people say that he has a fair complexion. His daughter is skinning, tall but tenders. She is beautiful and attracts attention whenever she passes. Her twisting eyes confuse young man. She puts on her-heals on every weekend. Her young brother is shot and fat, he looks handsome and magnetic to girls his chest is wide as well as frightening nose

 
 

DESCRIBING CHARACTER 

Every person has a particular behavior that display his/her character: Example:  cruel, greedily, rude, rough, carelessness, generous, gentle, sincere, open, lian

 
 

Examples:  

  1. He is a rude boy at our school
  2. She is careless that her uniform is full of sports
  3. A sincere student is liked by teacher
  4. You’re a liar ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†

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     Character changes because of age education and people around, character reflects moral and cultural value. People from broken families usually show bad character. Character can also be understood through a language that a person uses.

 
 

Structure  

Asking questions

We can also ask questions using the words in the box

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  1. Who is shouting?
  2. What are you doing?
  3. Which boo is yours?
  4. Whose pen is this?
  5. When do we go home?

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